A bunion is a frequent problem that mostly occurs in women but can develop in nearly any foot. Someone with a bunion present experiences a bony and hard protuberance at the base of the big toe, where a link to the foot is made. A bunion is much more than just a bump on the foot, but can become a chronic and painful foot condition.
Most bunions could be treated without operation. However, in serious cases, a podiatrist may recommend surgery as a different treatment. This happens when regular nonsurgical treatments fail to give relief to the individual.
Through careful examination of the foot and a complete medical record a foot specialist can determine if you have a bunion. The anatomy of the foot is analyzed during the assessment and radiographs or x-rays may be ordered. The x-rays can ascertain the integrity of the foot bones and joints, in addition to uncover any underlying problems like gout or arthritis.
Your physician may order x-rays at the period of assessment so as to get a very clear sign of the foot issue. X-rays are a great way of calculating the appropriate alignment of the feet to find out if any changing has taken place.
Among the most usual non-surgical treatments which may be conducted in your home is rest. The foot should be rested for a very long period of time while preventing any action that might increase pain or exacerbate the problem Hallux Valgus surgery. Wearing wider or loose shoes during the recovery process could be necessary, particularly if the condition is painful.
Your doctor, to help reduce the inflammation and swelling, can administer anti inflammatory drugs. The anti-inflammatories will also lessen the pain experienced from the bunion. Over-the-counter medications can help alleviate the redness and swelling.
Application of an ice pack on the affected region also helps to reduce the swelling and pain, especially after the bunion was aggravated through bodily activity or tight shoes. Your podiatrist may also advise stretching exercises across the interior part of the joint of the bunion to reduce the tension and pressure that may build when the illness becomes exacerbated.
Your podiatrist can also match you for a small foot brace or cushioning, which may help make bunions less painful.
The last resort for many with severe bunions, prior to surgery, is cortisone therapy. A local cortisone shot directly into the bunion can help decrease the redness of the joint at the base of the big toe. Your doctor can administer cortisone injections on many visits when the pain becomes intense as well as other procedures of therapy are providing limited relief.